You've injured yourself during the seizure. If you experience a seizure for the first time, seek medical advice. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic Causes Epilepsy has no identifiable cause in about half the people with the condition. In the other half, the condition may be traced to various factors, including:
Known Causes of Seizures in Adults
adult onset epilepsy | Epilepsy Foundation
Based on recent evidence, the investigators recommend the use of gabapentin and topiramate in adults and children with newly diagnosed epilepsy. Class I and II studies support the use of rufinamide, ezogabine, clobazam, perampanel, and immediate-release pregabalin as add-on therapy in adults with treatment-resistant focal epilepsy; however, the adverse events associated with these therapies warrant careful consideration prior to prescribing. For monotherapy recommendations in adults with new-onset epilepsy with either focal epilepsy or unclassified tonic-clonic seizures, lamotrigine should be considered over gabapentin or immediate-release carbamazepine due to better tolerability, according to class II evidence. In addition, class II evidence appears to demonstrate no difference between controlled-release carbamazepine and levetiracetam or zonisamide in terms of reducing seizure frequency in patients with focal epilepsy or unclassified tonic-colonic seizures. Lamotrigine is recommended over pregabalin in reducing secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizures within a 6-month period. In adults with treatment-resistant focal epilepsy, class II evidence points to eslicarbazepine as a possibly effective monotherapy for reducing seizure frequency.
Adult onset startle epilepsy
About half of older adults who are told they have epilepsy do not know the cause. When these signs occur more than once and often in the same pattern, they could be signs of seizures. If an older adult is showing these signs, it is important for them to talk to a health care provider.
What is a seizure? A seizure is a burst of electrical activity in your brain. A seizure may start in one part of your brain, or both sides may be affected.